New Federally Legislated Performance-based Planning and Transportation Performance Management Requirements for States, Transit Agencies, and MPOs
Federal transportation legislation (MAP-21 and additional requirements under the most recent FAST Act) outlines several requirements associated with performance-based planning and performance management, specific federally mandated performance measures, and a collaborative target-setting process for transit agencies, state departments of transportation, and metropolitan planning organizations.
See links below for more specific legislated information via the United States Government Publishing Office:
- FHWA and FTA User friendly Guidance can be found at these links respectively: https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/tpm/ andhttps://www.transit.dot.gov/regulations-and-guidance/asset-management/tam-rulemaking
- FHWA’s Office of Planning Performance-based Planning and Programming Presentation from the Transportation Performance Management (TPM) Technical Implementation Workshop can be downloaded here from the FHWA TPM website here: https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/tpm/.
- MPO performance-based planning and coordination regulations can be found here or here.
- MPO and State Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations for highway performance measures and targets can be found here.
- MPO and DOT regulations for transit performance measures and targets can be found here and here.
Chattanooga-Hamilton County/North Georgia Transportation Planning Organization (TPO) Performance-based Planning and Management Responsibilities and Progress
Organization of Information
To organize the TPO’s performance measurements and coordination with DOT and Transit partners, the TPO staff prepared an overview presentation (download here) and a Regulations and Responsibilities summary table (download here). The table includes information which describes the current understanding TPO staff have in relation to these requirements, measures, and targets. Continued updates will be made to this table as more information becomes available or as clarifications are provided by FHWA and/or FTA. Information will be shared on an on-going basis to ensure current and best available information is provided in a timely manner to the TPO policy committee and board as well as the public.
Summary of Specific Requirements and Compliance Dates
The following bullets provide a summary of the five overarching requirements placed into effect through the above referenced legislation as of calendar year 2017. Other legislative measures may still be under consideration, but not yet made it into law (This webpage will be updated as new information becomes available). Documents and resources applicable to the requirements of our TPO made available via the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and Federal Transit Administration (FTA) as well as any progress being made by our TPO (MPO) are included as links to downloadable formats under each applicable bullet. Comments and questions associated with the TPO’s performance management process can be directed at TPO@chattanooga.gov or by calling the Strategic Long Range Planning Director, Melissa Taylor at 423.643.5944.
- Written procedures/agreements (FHWA/FTA Oversight per 23 CFR 450.314 (h)): Written agreed upon procedures between the MPO, the transit agency, and state DOTs on the performance-based planning process and the approach to data collection and target-setting were required to be in place by May 27, 2018. The agreements related to this requirement may be viewed here.
- Safety (FHWA Oversight per 23 CFR 490 Subpart B): There are five safety performance measures which apply to all roads. The Tennessee and Georgia Departments of Transportation (TDOT/GDOT) have adopted the following targets. The TPO had until May 27, 2018 to set and adopt targets; this is 180 days from the August 31, 2017 state reporting deadlline. On January 24, 2018, the TPO Executive Board approved supporting the State of Tennessee and State of Georgia annual safety targets for 2017-2018. Download the FHWA Safety Fact Sheet here.
Tennessee Department of Transportation (TDOT) Draft Targets
|Number of fatalities||1021.4|
|Rate of fatalities by per capita VMT||1.337|
|Highway Safety Improvement Program||Safety (all roads)||Rate of fatalities by per capita VMT||7630.8|
|Rate of serious injuries by per capita VMT||
|Number of non-motorized serious injuries and fatalities||493.2|
A presentation was given by TDOT Region 2 representatives at the July 25, 2017 TPO Technical Coordinating Committee (TCC) meeting. The two presentations provided by TDOT may be download here and here.
(GDOT) Final Targets 2018
|Number of fatalities||1428
|Rate of fatalities by per capita VMT||1.23|
|Highway Safety Improvement Program||Safety (all roads)||Rate of fatalities by per capita VMT||19642.8
|Rate of serious injuries by per capita VMT||16.318
|Number of non-motorized serious injuries and fatalities||1027.2|
- Highways (FHWA Oversight per 23 CFR 490 Subparts C and D) – There are four pavement and two bridge condition measures (outline below) which apply to the National Highway System (NHS*) only (click here to view the TPO’s portion of the NHS and here to download the FHWA Asset Management Fact Sheet). State targets are due May 20, 2018. A highway condition Report Card for each state is provided from the national Highway Performance Monitoring System (HPMS) database and can be downloaded for Tennessee here and Georgia here. As soon as draft target information is provided, additional tables will be updated here to reflect each state’s targets and the TPO’s targets.
|Percent of Interstate in Good Condition||N/A / 60%||>50% in Good Condition|
|Pavement Condition||Preservation/ Maintenance (NHS roads only)||Percent of Interstate in Poor Condition||N/A /1%||<5% in Poor Condition|
|Percent of non-Interstate NHS in Good Condition||42% / 40%||>40% in Good Condition|
|Percent of non-Interstate NHS in Poor Condition||4% / 4%||<12% in Poor Condition|
|Bridge Condition||Preservation/ Maintenance (NHS roads only)||Percent of NHS Bridges in Good Condition||36% / 36%||>60% (NHS) in Good Condition|
|Percent of NHS Bridges in Poor Condition||6% / 6%||<10% (NHS) in Poor Condition|
- Transit Performance – (FTA Oversight per Title 49 Section 5326)
- Transit Asset Management (TAM) – There are several transit measures associated with transit agencies’ rolling stock, equipment, facilities, and infrastructure which must be part of the legislated Transit Asset Management (TAM) Plan. Transit agencies must complete initial TAM plans by October 1, 2018. Click here to view the Chattanooga Area Regional Transportation Authority’s (CARTA) TAM Plan. Agencies were to set targets as of January 17, 2017, but were given an optional “report” year for 2017. CARTA made minor adjustments to their 2017 targets and set the targets shown in the table below for 2018. Download the FTA Transit Asset Management Fact Sheet here. CARTA is considered under the asset management legislation to be a Tier 1 agency.
- Transit Safety – Transit agencies must certify and implement transit safety plans by July 20, 2020. Safety plans must include performance targets based on the following safety performance criteria established under The National Public Transportation Safety Plan:
- Fatalities – total number of reportable fatalities and rater per total vehicle revenue miles by mode
- Injuries – total number of reportable injuries and rater per total vehicle revenue miles by mode
- Safety events – total number of reportable events and rate per total vehicle revenue miles by mode
- System reliability – mean distance between major mechanical failures by mode
TPO staff recommended adopting CARTA’s targets because the TPO does not coordinate, manage, or maintain any transit assets and therefore would not be in the most informed position to set its own targets. On August 23, 2017 the TPO Executive Board adopted CARTA’s targets for both 2017 and 2018. The TPO was updated on the minor adjustments to CARTA’s targets for 2018 on April 25, 2018. The targets have been updated in the Performance-based Planning and Programming Transportation Performance Management Regulations & Responsibilities table. The TPO adopted by resolution CARTA’s targets on August 23, 2017. Click here to download approved resolution.
Asset Management Tier 1 Rolling Stock Buses 48% of fleet exceeds default ULB of 14 Cutaway Buses 0% of fleet exceeds default ULB of 10 Shuttle Buses 60% of fleet exceeds default ULB of 10 Incline Cars 0% of fleet exceeds default ULB of 56 Equipment Automobiles 44% of fleet exceeds default ULB of 8 Facilities Admin & Maintenance Facilities 0% of facilities rated under 3.0 on TERM scale Passenger / Parking Facilities 0% of facilities rated under 3.0 on TERM scale Infrastructure Rail Fixed Guideway 0% of track segments under performance restriction
The TPO must adopt TPO transit safety targets within 180 days of when CARTA sets transit safety targets through their transit safety plan. The TPO must coordinate with CARTA on the selection of TPO transit safety performance targets. More information is available at https://www.transit.dot.gov/PTASP.
- System Performance (FHWA Oversight per 23 CFR 490 Subparts E, F, G, and H): There are several measures legislated to address congestion, freight, and congestion mitigation and air quality (CMAQ). Two of these measures addressing travel time reliability apply only to the NHS as with the highway asset management measures outlined above, one of them is a truck specific measure for interstates only. The other two measures are CMAQ and apply only to designed non-attainment areas; these measures are not applicable to our TPO (For this reason additional resources have not been included on this webpage). Click here to view the TPO’s NHS Map and here to download the FHWA System Performance Fact Sheets for Reliability, Freight, and CMAQ. As soon as draft target information is provided, additional tables will be updated here to reflect each state’s targets and the TPO’s targets.
|National Performance Management||Travel Time Reliability (NHS only)||% person-miles traveled on the Interstate|
|% person-miles traveled on non-Interstate NHS|
|There is no target information available at this time.|
|CMAQ Specifically Traffic Congestion||Truck Travel Time Reliability (Interstate only)||TTTR Index|
|CMAQ Program Specifically On-Road Mobile Source||Non-attainment areas using CMAQ funds|
Download TDOT’s general presentation on the topic here.